Action


Taking ACTION towards mainstreaming biodiversity into the urban economy involves integrating biodiversity information into spatial planning (see tools in table below) as well as local-level actions (such as raising environmental issues with your ward Councillor or being a champion for nearby green spaces/parks).

Spatial planning refers to the approaches used by various levels of government (national, provincial and local) to influence or manage the distribution of people and activities across the landscape. The process is used to promote development, correct socio-economic inequalities and to protect natural capital (i.e. the environment) for future generations.

There are a number of tools and guidelines available to streamline biodiversity management and conservation into spatial planning. These strategic tools have been developed to guide spatial planning in ways that seeks to:

  • Support development outside of biodiversity priority areas.
  • Recognise that some biodiversity priority areas are so important for conservation that there is little flexibility in their location and management, and their conservation is critical to securing a representative sample of biodiversity. Excluding inappropriate development from these areas is necessary.
  • Encourage appropriate forms of land use surrounding biodiversity priority areas.

Tools for mainstreaming biodiversity into spatial planning are listed in the table below. The table shows whether the tools are useful for land-use planning, development authorisations or protected area expansion.

Tool

Land-use planning

Development Authorisations (EIA)

Protected Areas expansion

Biodiversity Mainstreaming Toolbox for land-use planning & development in Gauteng – summary

X

X

X

Biodiversity Mainstreaming Toolbox for land-use planning & development in Gauteng – full copy

X

X

X

Planners Quick Guide
The Gauteng Conservation Plan (C-Plan)

X

X

X

Bioregional plans

X

X

X

Threatened ecosystems

X

X

X

National Freshwater Ecosystem Priority Areas (NFEPAs)

X

X

X

Gauteng Protected Areas expansion strategy (GPAES)

X

X

X

Red List plant species guidelines

X

X

X

Environmental Management Frameworks

X

X

Gauteng Ridge guidelines

X

X

Local Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans (LBSAPs)

X

Grassland Ecosystem Guidelines

X

X

Gauteng biodiversity offset guidelines

X

X

Green servitudes

X

X

Lifestyle estate guidelines

X

Criteria for sustainable development

X

Mining and biodiversity guidelines

X

X

Gauteng biodiversity stewardship strategy

X

X

Many of the tools developed for Gauteng were developed through the SANBI Grasslands Programme.