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SANBI Biodiversity Series


SANBI Biodiversity Series publishes occasional reports on projects, technologies, workshops, symposia and other activities initiated by or executed in partnership with SANBI; including guidelines, user manuals, field guides, workshop outputs and proceedings, State of the Environment reports, and management plans focusing on biodiversity, conservation and the environment of southern Africa. Manuscripts are peer-reviewed before publication when the subject matter allows. Publishing depends on manuscripts’ availability and submissions. Published by the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI).

Biodiversity Series no. 30

Authors:J.E. Victor Publication date: 2021

Taxonomic research includes the science of taxonomy and classification, and involves discovering, naming, describing and classifying biological organisms. This information is published in a variety of ways on different platforms. At SANBI, the Foundational Biodiversity Science (FBS) division is positioned at the base layer of the institute’s research value chain, providing foundational taxonomic information for all fields of biodiversity research. Seven strategic objectives to lead the discovery and expansion of knowledge of southern African plant diversity are discussed, and form the programmes of activity for taxonomy for the next five years. Soft cover, A5, pp. 24.

ISBN 978-1-928224-46-4

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Biodiversity Series no. 29

Authors:N. Mabuya, A. Hankey, L. Zondi, R. Riddles, D. Dibakwane, M. Gabayi, C. Viljoen, B. Festus, R. Malatji, R. Oliver & M. Nndanduleni Publication date: 2019

This illustrated plant collecting guide is a manual aimed at horticulturists to supply basic information and guidelines on conducting fieldwork for living plant collection. The different aspects described include trip planning, plant collection, data collection and handling of plant material. The combination of theory and some practical experience will equip the reader with the essential knowledge required to successfully conduct plant collection from the field. Soft cover, A5, pp. 44.

ISBN 978-1-928224-37-2

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Authors: Nancy Job, Namhla Mbona, Anisha Dayaram & Donovan Kotze Publication date: 2018

Wetlands provide important ecosystem services in both rural and developed parts of South Africa, but are one of the country's most threatened habitats. Therefore, there is a need to understand, conserve and restore them. Repeatable standards and accurate methods for collecting data can help achieve these goals. The purpose of this manual is to act as a resource to all wetland practitioners so that data collected can contribute to national and local projects through a standard and strategic process.

This manual is a tool for wetland practitioners, at all levels, to improve procedures for mapping wetlands using a set of standards for data collection and storage, so that data feeds into national level databases such as the National Wetland Inventory, and informs national policy tools such as National Freshwater Ecosystem Priority Areas.

The manual begins with an explanation of what a wetland is, and the different types of wetlands that one may encounter in the South African landscape. It then outlines an approach for designing a wetland mapping project and capturing data that has been tested and refined by several experts in the discipline. This section is followed by tips on recognising, digitising and classifying wetlands and human impacts on wetlands from desktop imagery and in the field. Examples of wetlands that have been mapped and classified are provided with searchable co-ordinates to enable the user to locate the wetland using a geobrowser such as Google Earth and further explore it from various angles.

Several additional tools such as datasheets and checklists are provided. A step by step guide to basic delineation using free and licensed mapping software is shared in the appendices.

ISBN 978-1-928224-23-5
Price SADC R150.00
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Compiler: C. Willis Publication date: 2015

South Africa’s national botanical gardens, with the support of government, non-governmental organisations, corporates and civil society over the past 20 years (1994–2014), have, and will continue, to serve as urban-based windows into South Africa’s biodiversity. As nature-based tourism destinations, South Africa’s national botanical gardens have supported local communities and provided education, recreational, research and work opportunities to thousands of South Africans and international visitors. Soft cover, A4, pp. 78.

ISBN 978-1-928224-07-5
Price SADC R75.00
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Authors: J.E. Victor, G.F. Smith & A.E. van Wyk Publication date: 2014

This document addresses primarily the plant taxonomic research in South Africa, but includes discussions on herbarium collections and associated data, capacity for conducting research, and implementation of the strategy. During the development of this Strategy, the authors consulted taxonomists from most universities of South Africa, as well as abroad (Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, Missouri Botanical Garden, and University of Zurich), to share, and where appropriate, incorporate views beneficial to strategy development and implementation in South Africa. The vision of the strategy is to document and provide predictive classifications for South African plant species, enabling users to identify and access knowledge about them, so that all can understand, conserve and benefit from biodiversity. Soft cover. A5. pp. iii + 39.

ISBN 978-1-928224-09-9
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Authors: M.S. Mothogoane, R.R. Klopper, C.N. Cupido, E. Josias, M.A. Mothapo, A.M. Ngwenya, N. Phaliso, J.A. Ready, M.S. Serumula, Y. Singh & E. Van Wyk Publication date: 2015

There exists a need to promote the value of natural science collections, and to have a strategic approach to their expansion, use and application. This requires reflection on the past to understand how the collections were established and how they have been used, a critical assessment of the current situation and planning for the future. This booklet celebrates the achievements over the past ten years, recognising the historical aspects of SANBI’s collections. Looking ahead, the importance of research, herbarium services and herbarium specimen collections as a source of information is highlighted.

ISBN 978-1-928224-01-3
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Authors: J.E. Victor, M. Hamer & G.F. Smith Publication date: 2013

Research in the fields of taxonomy and biosystematics is fundamental to all other biodiversity research, including conservation biology, agriculture and sustainable use. Following wide consultation, this Strategy for Biosystematics Research in South Africa, the first comprehensive one covering all the major biota occurring in the country, was produced by the South African National Biodiversity Institute. The Strategy provides clear guidelines to taxonomic researchers and funding agencies regarding where research effort and resources should be focused over the 2013–2018 period to produce maximum benefits to society.

ISBN 978-1-919976-90-7
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Authors: D. Ollis, K. Snaddon, N. Job & N. Mbona Publication date: 2013

This user manual (compiled by the Freshwater Consulting Group) aims to provide user-friendly guidance for application of the classification system to inland aquatic ecosystems of South Africa. The manual has been produced in a format that can be used in the field and is designed to appeal to a wide range of user-groups, including both non-specialists and experts. The types of inland systems, and basis and overall structure of the classification system are clearly explained. The various spatial scales (regional setting, landscape setting, hydrogeomorphic unit, hydrological regime and descriptors) are discussed in detail with notes on the application of the classification system. A glossary of important terms and a series of dichotomous keys for the classification of inland systems are included to facilitate consistent classification of inland aquatic ecosystems throughout the country. Worked examples of how to apply the classification system are also provided. Soft cover. pp. 124.

ISBN 978-1-919976-75-4
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Compilers: C.K. Willis & M.J. Samways Publication date: 2011

After birds, butterflies and bees, dragonflies and damselflies are among the most conspicuous groups of animals observed in South Africa’s National Botanical Gardens. They are particularly prevalent around rivers, streams, dams and other aquatic habitats. The title of this book – water dancers – is a literal translation of the Zulu word jigamanzi that has been used to describe dragonflies, an apt description as adults swirl about water bodies engaged in their daily business. Part of the reason for publishing this illustrated checklist is to create greater public awareness and appreciation of the importance and value of conserving dragonfly diversity as a valuable component of our natural habitats and ecosystems, as dragonflies serve as excellent indicators of terrestrial and aquatic environmental change. Not only are dragonflies good indicators of environmental health and ecological integrity, they also act as flagship species for other aquatic invertebrates in the biodiversity debate. This book represents the third in a series of Sappi-sponsored illustrated checklists of biodiversity recorded in South Africa’s National Botanical Gardens. Soft cover. A5. pp. 108.

ISBN 978-1-919976-68-6
Price SADC countries R40.00
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Compilers: Cape Action for People and the Environment Publication date: 2011

The majority of people working in the field of biodiversity conservation, whether paid or voluntarily, generally have backgrounds in the natural sciences, or do so due to their passion for sustaining and conserving all life forms. They rarely have experience in fundraising, and with an estimated 110 000 non-profit organisations (NPOs) in South Africa, the competition for donated money is tough, especially in times of global recession. This book follows the real flow of marketing and fundraising processes: from the setting-up of a new biodiversity conservation organisation, project identification and potential donor research, to planning as broad an income base as possible. This book provides a guide through the key steps in fundraising and marketing. Where practical and applicable, experiences and advice from established organisations active in biodiversity conservation are provided. Soft cover. A4. pp. xii + 92.

ISBN 978-1-919976-67-9
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Compilers: Cape Action for People and the Environment Publication date: 2008

This is the second in a series of project management handbooks, and deals with monitoring and evaluation (M&E). It is aimed at people working in the biodiversity conservation sector and focuses on a particular set of activities integral to the process of project implementation. These are the activities that make up project monitoring and evaluation, and what is associated with it: clear objectives, a particular form of support or intervention, a set time frame, a defined target group and beneficiaries. It aims to provide you with an overview of some of the key issues in project M&E, a guiding framework within which you can develop your M&E plans, and tools, concepts and exercises to build your own M&E practice. Soft cover. A4. pp. 126.

ISBN 978-1-919976-47-1
Price SADC R50.00
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Authors: L. Atkinson & K. Sink Publication date: 2008

This document was commissioned by the Offshore Marine Protected Areas, South African National Biodiversity Institute, World Wildlife Fund and the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, to serve as an overview of existing information pertaining to offshore marine resource users of South Africa’s exclusive economic zone. It outlines petroleum activities, mineral prospecting and mining, commercial fishing, shipping, dumping of waste, submarine cables, naval activities and scientific research in the offshore zone; giving background information, history, general operation and the areas of activity. Known and potential biodiversity impacts as well as overlap and issues of conflict between various resource users are also identified. Soft cover. A4. pp. 66.

ISBN 978-1-919976-43-3
Price SADC R30.00
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Authors: K. Sink & C. Attwood Publication date: 2008

The Offshore Marine Protected Areas (OMPA) project aims to facilitate the establishment of a protected offshore area with broad support from the various offshore sectors. It will span three years, and will develop objectives and guidelines for the establishment of these areas, collate scientific data and other information, and identify priority areas for protection. This document specifically addresses the guidelines for the establishment of offshore protected areas, and is aimed at the government departments using marine resources, industry stakeholders such as fishing, mining, petroleum, shipping, waste disposal and marine research, as well as the general public. Soft cover. A4. pp. 18.

ISBN 978-1-919976-43-3
Price SADC R20.00
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Authors: C. Willis, O. Curtis & M. Anderson Publication date: 2008

This publication of a bird checklist for South Africa’s National Botanical Gardens is the first in a series of SANBI publications to be produced in collaboration with Sappi. The checklist covers birds occurring in nine of the National Botanical Gardens in South Africa, and apart from the common names of birds (old and new) and scientific names, it includes information such as the endemic status of the birds, their movements and migration habits, and their threat status. Birds recorded in each garden are listed in dedicated columns, with open circles that can be filled in by visitors when birds are seen in a particular garden. Colour photographs of some of the birds are also included. Soft cover. A4 ring-bound. pp. 40.

ISBN 978-1-919976-41-9
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Authors: C.F. Musil & I.A.W. MacDonald Publication date: 2007

This inventory arose as an outcome of an earlier national survey sponsored by the Southern African Biodiversity Support Programme aimed at determining user needs in the field of alien invasive species management and research. Soft cover. A4. pp 176.

ISBN 978-1-919976-35-8
Price SADC R70.00
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Authors: W.R. Branch, K.A. Tolley, M. Cunningham, A.M. Bauer, G. Alexander, J.A. Harrison, A.A. Turner & M.F. Bates Publication date: 2006

The Southern African Reptile Conservation Assessment (SARCA) was launched in May 2005. Its primary aim is to produce a conservation assessment of the reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland over a four-year period (2005–2009). It has the distinction of being the first faunal project of the newly constituted South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) which, previously – as the National Botanical Institute (NBI) – was concerned only with plants. This report brings together a comprehensive set of guidelines for a whole section of southern Africa’s biodiversity research, and should remain relevant for at least a decade. Areas under study include priorities for systematic studies on southern African reptiles; taxonomic units relevant to conservation planning; mismatches between morphology and genetics; methods, techniques and protocols for phylogenetic studies on southern African reptiles; and a sampling and implementation strategy for phylogenetic studies on southern African reptiles. Soft cover. A4. pp. 48.

ISBN 1-919976-33-7
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Authors: A. Ashwell, T. Sandwith, M. Barnett, A. Parker & F. Wisani Publication date: 2006

This publication illustrates the results achieved on the ground and the lessons learnt as a result of the Cape Action for People and the Environment (C.A.P.E.) programme. Topics covered include: Introducing C.A.P.E.; Unleashing the potential of protected areas; Managing watershed wisely; Enabling conservation stewardship; Building the biodiversity economy; Supporting conservation education; Strengthening institutions; Co-ordinating C.A.P.E.; and Looking ahead. Soft cover. A4. pp. 263.

ISBN 1-919976-29-9
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